The first 100 years of Chicago history was celebrated
in this poster from the 1933 World's Fair.
1673â€”French explorers Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet are
first Europeans in the Chicago area.
Potawatomi Indians called the swampy area Checaugou or skunk
1779â€”African American Jean Baptiste Point DuSable builds a
trading post and establishes a permanent settlement.
1795â€”Treaty of Greenville signed after Indians defeated at
Battle of Fallen Timbers.
1803â€”U.S. Army builds Fort Dearborn at what is now south
end of Michigan Avenue bridge.
1812â€”Fort Dearborn destroyed and some settlers captured or
killed by American Indians. Rebuilt in 1816.
1818â€”Illinois becomes twenty-first state in Union.
1830â€”Chicagoâ€™s population is about 50. First streets laid
1832â€”Chief Black Hawk defeated.
1833â€”Chicago incorporates as a town of about 350. First
newspaper and school.
1837â€”Chicago incorporated as a city, population reaches 1,000.
1847â€”Chicago Tribune founded.
1848â€”first railroad tracks, Illinois and Michigan Canal opens;
Chicago Board of Trade, grain market.
1850â€”population reaches 29,963 with 50% of residents
immigrants; gas streetlights installed.
1865â€”Union Stock Yards, meat processing; Lincoln nominated
U. S. President, Civil War.
1871â€”The Great Fire.
1879â€”Art Institute of Chicago founded.
1884â€”Home Insurance Buildingâ€”nine-story steel structureâ€”
first skyscraper .
1890â€”Chicago becomes 2nd largest
city in U.S.
1891â€”University of Chicago founded.
1893â€”Worldâ€™s Columbian Exposition opens.
1909â€”Daniel Burnham develops The Chicago Plan .
1914â€”European immigrants; African Americans from South.
1920sâ€”Speakeasies, bootlegging, Al Capone and Eliot Ness.
1933â€”Worldâ€™s Fairâ€”Century of Progress, electricity .
1942â€”First Atomic Reactionâ€”Fermi, University of Chicago.
1943â€”Chicagoâ€™s first subway opened.
1940sâ€”Economy booms, musicians from Mississippi Delta.
1951â€”Carl Sandburg wins Pulitzer.
1955â€”Ray Kroc opens first McDonaldâ€™s.
1968â€”Riots erupt at Democratic National Convention.
1973â€”Sears Tower completed, tallest building the in world.
2008â€”Barack Obama elected President of U.S.
2009â€”Chicago's bid to host Olympics fails.