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Billie Silvey
An eclectic website about Women, Christianity, History,
Culture and the Arts--and anything else that comes to mind.
New Orleans  Culture
Hurricane Katrina
New Orleans
in Popular Culture
February 2012
New Orleans
New Orleans, the "Crescent City," was founded in 1718 by
Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, sieur de
Bienville, governor of the French
colony of Louisiana. Early settlers of the French-Canadian outpost
included French, Canadians, Germans, African slaves and free
people of color, a diversity that has characterized the city
throughout its history.

Between 1763 and 1800, New Orleans became a
Spanish colony.  
By the end of the 18th century, the port was flourishing and
Anglo-Americans added to the mix.   The
Cabildo, a historic site
remaining from this period, is now a museum.  It and the
Historic
New Orleans Collection on Royal Street preserve the largest
collection of New Orleans history.

A distinctive
Creole culture formed from the Spanish, French and
free people of color.  They spoke their own patois and developed a
cuisine drawing together African, European and American
influences.

With the
Louisiana Purchase in 1803, New Orleans became part of
the United States.

The final battle of the War of 1812, the
Battle of New Orleans, was
fought there, with American general
Andrew Jackson becoming a
national hero and eventually US president.  His volunteer army was
made up of slaves, Anglo-Americans, free men of color, Creoles,
Native Americans and pirates under
Jean Lafitte.

New Orleans became a major
port and financial center for the
South until the Civil War.  During the Civil War, it was besieged by
Farragut, falling in 1862.  Reconstruction crippled the New Orleans
economy and upset the social order, especially for the large group
of free blacks.

In the 1900s, the growth of jazz and Mardi Gras helped grow the
tourism industry and rebuild the 13-block-wide French Quarter.  
The oil and petrochemical industries developed in the 1950s, and
by the 1990s, the Port of New Orleans was the busiest in the nation.

Hurricane Katrina in 2005 threatened New Orleans, as did the
Deepwater Horizon oil spill of 2010.

Other articles in this website include New Orleans's distinctive
culture, the disaster of Hurricane Katrina and New Orleans in
Popular Culture.

I hope you'll write me with your thoughts and memories of New
Orleans at
b.silvey@sbcglobal.net.
the French Quarter
the Cabildo
Creole women
Historic New Orleans (clockwise from right):  Bienville, St.
Louis Cathedral, historic map, banquette (raised sidewalk)
Battle of New Orleans (above), New Orleans
port scene (left) and BP oil spill (below)..